Trouble shooting calf disease and illness
|Reluctant to stand||Injury, joint ill (navel infection) Diarrhoea?|
|Swollen navel||Navel infection? Hernia? Pizzle sucking?|
|Reluctant to drink – slow drinking||Infectious disease in general, mouth injury (tubing rub), unpalatable milk or meal? Poor teat quality?|
|Scours – nutritional||White or yellow faeces, normal temperature|
|Scours – infectious||Foul smelling faeces, mucousy, watery, yellow/brown or bloody? Temperature elevated|
|Blood in faeces||Can be normal in first 3 days|
|Coughing or rapid respiration||Respiratory infection from poor ventilation or pathogens|
|Shivering||Cold, wet or draughty conditions? Feeding cold milk? Inadequate shelter?|
|Kicking at the belly||Abdominal pain, peritonitis, ulcers, twisted bowel? Indigestion – overfeeding, cold milk, gorging. Poor quality milk or meal?|
|Bloat||Cold milk feeding – milk into rumen? Overdrinking/gorging? Young fresh grass? Clostridia?|
|Salivation||High fever? Mouth lesions, injured jaw? Ulcers/abscesses?|
|Teeth grinding||Scours present? Can indicate abdominal pain? Lack of fibre in diet? Boredom?|
|Pizzle sucking||Low volume feeding, unsatisfied sucking instinct, lack of water?|
|Hair loss||Often follows scours. Excessive cold and wet? Lice in covered calves? Fungal skin conditions?|
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Businessman and Dairy Farmer (Reporoa)
"I rear over a thousand calves a year and always use Ngahiwi to supplement a liquid whole milk rearing program. I like the product, service and good value of their powder. All that you need - a premix, prebiotic, probiotic and coccidiastat, is in the powder. No need to buy expensive extras."
Calf Rearer and Beef Farmer (Maungatapere)
"I have used Ngahiwi Calf Milk Replacer for 20 seasons rearing thousands of calves in that time. Ngahiwi mixes easily and my young calves thrive. Ngahiwi contains, as standard, prebiotics, probiotics and a coccidiastat. Excellent product!"
Bull Farmer (Waitakaruru)